Install

Standard Installation for Commercial Wallcoverings

Important - If at any time during the installation a discrepancy is discovered, STOP! Contact your distributor before proceeding. Also, always check manufacturer's instructions.

  • Before cutting, examine goods to make sure pattern and color are as ordered. Check all roll tickets to determine if more than one run or lot number of the same pattern is to be installed.
  • Cut panels and headers in roll number sequence, making sure that run numbers are broken at INSIDE corners only. Allow for matching of repeats and trimming at the ceiling and the baseboard.
  • Many matched patterns, geometric patterns and textiles should be table trimmed before installing. A sharp blade should be used to minimize fraying of fabric (use one blade per cut). Other patterns should be overlapped and double cut on the wall. A double cutting tool or seam pad is recommended to prevent scoring the wall.
  • Number panes and headers as they are cut from the roll and apply to the wall in the same sequence.
  • Install all wallcovering under adequate lighting and evaluate for color uniformity. When proper lighting conditions are not possible, duplicate the final lighting conditions as nearly as possible.
  • Take extra care to keep adhesives and dirt from the wallcovering surface.
  • After three panels have been hung on the wall surface and excess paste removed, examine the installed panels for uniformity in color. If any color variation is noticed, discontinue hanging and contact the distributor.

Wallcovering Adhesives

There are many types of wallcovering adhesives, each formulated for various performance characteristics. These characteristics fall in two general categories:

  • How they bond the wallcovering to the wall surface.
  • How they apply to the wallcovering - this is a major consideration for the installer.

Wallcovering adhesives are formulated for specific applications. Some adhesives are formulated for lightweight and delicate fabrics while others are designed to adhere heavyweight vinyl and acoustical coverings.

Adhesives vary in level of wet-tack, solids, open-time, strippability and ease of application. All wallcovering adhesives contain a biocide system. These systems are designed to prevent bacteria contamination and mildew / fungal infestation both "in-the-can" and in the dried adhesive. Wallcovering adhesives are generally applied on the back of the wallcovering either by roller or pasting machine.

There are four main categories of adhesives:

  • Prepasted Activators were created to assist in the hanging of prepasted wallcoverings by activating the existing adhesive, increasing slip and extending the open-time available (helpful when matching patterns). Using activators is generally considered less messy, minimizes seam splitting and reduces seam lifting.
  • Clear Adhesives are either corn or wheat based. They are generally considered to have more open-time and are easier to clean up than clay based adhesives. Clear adhesives are designed for both the retail customer and commercial installer.
  • Clay Adhesives, like clear adhesives, are starched based, but clay is added as a filler to increase the wet-tack and are harder to clean up than other clear adhesives.
  • Vinyl-Over-Vinyl and border adhesives contain synthetic polymers and are specifically formulated to bond to vinyl. In addition to the synthetic polymers, these adhesives may contain some starch and other ingredients to assist in their application. These adhesives require extra attention during application because once they are dried they are permanent. Vinyl-over-vinyl adhesives are specifically designed to hang new wallcoverings to existing wallcoverings or borders to wallcoverings.

Special Considerations for Commercial Wallcovering Applications

Some high end or specialty contract wallcoverings need special care for perfect installation.

Special notes for textiles:

  • Natural fiber color variation, slubs and knots are an intricate part of each textile design and are used to enhance the beauty and texture of each pattern..
  • Textiles are generally designed to be installed non-reversed.
  • Extreme care must be taken to keep adhesives from the face of a textile wallcovering. Adhesives on the surface may prove to be difficult or impossible to remove without staining. Clear adhesives that are designed as non-staining should be used.
  • Selvage (excess trimmed edge) should be removed from the wall and seams closed within one hour. 
  • Acrylic-backed or unbacked textiles should be dry hung. 
  • The walls should be pasted with a paint roller. Paste a section 4 to 6" wider than the width of the wallcovering. In some cases, the adhesive should be allowed to tack sufficiently in order to provide greater adhesion and prevent adhesive bleed through. 
  • Extreme care must be taken to keep adhesives from the face of a textile wallcovering. Adhesives on the surface may prove to be difficult or impossible to remove without staining. Clear adhesives that are designed as non-staining should be used.

Special instructions for fabric-backed vinyl:

  • When installing textured or non-matched patterns, reverse hanging of alternate strips may be required to ensure color uniformity from strip to strip.
  • Apply adhesive to the back using a pasting machine or roller. Work the adhesive to cover the back completely, especially near the edges. Fold each end forward, pasted sides together, aligning edges carefully so they do not dry out. CAUTION: Do not crease wallcovering. Allow to "relax" or book for 10 minutes. This will allow the adhesive to penetrate the wallcovering fabric which is important for successful installation.
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How much material do I need?

1

Measure the height of the wall in feet. Measure the width of the wall in feet. Round inches up to the next foot on height and width.

2

Add the widths of each wall together to calculate the perimeter (do not deduct for windows and doors).

3
4
feet
5
feet
Approximate amount of material needed:
Square Feet: -
Linear Yards: -

Please Note: This calculator adds in a 10% waste factor which is a good figure to consider to account for waste caused by trimming and pattern repeats. For very large vertical repeats an additional yardage should be added. All customers should be aware of the pattern, width, and match before submitting final figures. The calculator is for estimation only. Exact yardage requirements should always be field verified by a wallcovering installation professional.